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Lybia: Autonomist Cyrenaica appointed own government.

African Security News.- Cyrenaica

African Security News.- Cyrenaica

Libya’s eastern zone appointed its own government on Thursday (October 24th), Libya Herald reported. Ibrahim Said al-Jadhran announced the new officials.

Al-Jadhran led the eastern oil terminal blockade and was elected as head of the self-proclaimed Cyrenaica Council’s political bureau on August 17th. Abd Rabbo Abdul Hamid al-Barasi was appointed as prime minister two weeks ago.

The council said the “government” had been formed after consultations with civil society representatives in the region. Cyrenaica will be divided into four administrative provinces – Ajdabiya, Benghazi, Green Mountain and Tobruk.

The central government in Tripoli, which rejected the declaration of independence, did not comment on Thursday.


Before colonel Gadaffi seized power in 1969 Libya was a federation consisting of three parts: Tripolitania, Fezzan and Cyrenaica. The cities of Tripoli and Benghazi served alternately as the national capital (Fezzan being a dessert, tribal area).

Cyrenaica (or Cirenaica), the region around Benghazi, was originally colonized by the Greeks. It is named after the ancient city of Cyrene, one of the greatest intellectual and artistic centers of the Greek world, famous for its medical school, learned academies, and architecture.

From 1879 on Tripolitania and Cyrenaica were two separate Ottoman provinces (vilayets). In 1911 the Italians invaded, and a colonial war developed during which from 1920 until 1929 Cyrenaica was a semi-independent emirate led by sheik Sidi Idriss. When the Italians had finally won they (ie Musselini) combined Tripolitania, Cyrenaica, and Fezzan into the Italian colony of Libya in 1934. From 1942 until 1949 Cyrenaica was occupied and administrated by the English.

From March 1949 until December 1951 the Emirate of Cyrenaica was an independent state led by Emir Sayyid Idris. Its independence was recognized by the UK.

In 1951, forced by the UN, the kingdom of Libya was formed out of the three parts, led by King Idris I.